Each year on November 19th, communities around the world mark World Toilet Day, turning the spotlight on a critical yet often overlooked aspect of global health and human dignity. This commemorative day seeks to address the international sanitation crisis, aiming to ensure access to proper sanitation for all, which is vital for health, safety, environment, and socio-economic development.

The History of World Toilet Day

The journey of World Toilet Day began with the World Toilet Organization’s initiative in 20011, advocating for global sanitation issues. The movement gained significant momentum when the United Nations acknowledged this day in 20132, reinforcing its significance. The acknowledgment by the UN was a critical step in underlining the profound impact that sanitation has on people’s lives worldwide. World Toilet Day is a platform to bring together different stakeholders to work towards achieving the goal of adequate sanitation for all.

The Crisis at Hand

On a global scale, the lack of proper sanitation facilities remains a life-threatening issue, with 673 million individuals still practicing open defecation. The consequences of inadequate sanitation are dire, leading to waterborne illnesses, which are preventable yet remain rampant in areas lacking these basic facilities. This ongoing crisis highlights the health disparities that exist and calls for urgent attention and action to prevent sanitation-related diseases that claim thousands of lives each year.

The observance of World Toilet Day is rooted in a holistic approach that addresses various aspects of sanitation. Every year, themes highlight the importance of sanitation in different sectors such as health, education, economic growth, and environmental sustainability. The focus extends to advocating for the construction of toilets that are not only accessible but also conserve resources, process waste effectively, and are energy-efficient, thereby contributing to a more sustainable future.

World Toilet Day aligns with the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals, particularly SDG 6, which is dedicated to ensuring everyone has access to clean water and sanitation by 2030. The day acts as a catalyst for international and grassroots initiatives that promote policies and actions to meet these ambitious targets. By facilitating these conversations, World Toilet Day plays a pivotal role in mobilizing resources and driving change in sanitation practices globally.

How to Celebrate World Toilet Day

Participating in World Toilet Day can range from educational activities to advocacy and support for global sanitation efforts. Here’s how you can get involved:

  1. Educate Yourself and Others. Learn about the sanitation crisis and its impact on health, environment, and social well-being. Use this knowledge to inform and enlighten those around you about the critical need for improved sanitation.
  2. Volunteer or Donate. Many non-profits are dedicated to providing sanitation to underserved communities. Consider volunteering your time or donating to these organizations to support their work in improving access to clean toilets.
  3. Use Social Media Share facts, stories, and insights about global sanitation issues using #WorldToiletDay and #ToiletTalk. Social media can be a powerful tool in spreading awareness and igniting conversations around often overlooked topics.
  4. Attend or Organize Local Events. Check for events in your community or consider organizing one. Workshops, seminars, or a sanitation solutions fair can be great platforms to discuss the importance of toilets.
  5. Support Sanitation Education Programs. Education is vital in understanding the importance of sanitation. Support programs in schools that teach children about hygiene and the use of toilets. These programs are fundamental in fostering a generation that values sanitation.
  6. Engage in Artistic Expression. Art can be a compelling way to communicate messages. Create or participate in art projects, music, theater, or literature that convey the importance of toilets and the right to sanitation.
  7. Promote Sustainable Sanitation Solutions. Advocate for sustainable sanitation solutions that are environmentally friendly and can be maintained long-term. Share information about technologies like composting toilets that can help conserve water and turn waste into resources.
  8. Partner With Local Businesses. Encourage local businesses to support World Toilet Day by sponsoring events, donating a portion of their profits to sanitation projects, or by providing their services for awareness campaigns.
  9. Policy Advocacy. Write to your local representatives to take action on improving sanitation facilities. Policies and government support are crucial in making long-term changes in sanitation infrastructures.

Public engagement is a cornerstone of World Toilet Day. People are encouraged to take an active role by informing themselves about the crucial role that proper sanitation plays in our lives. They are invited to support non-profits and initiatives that focus on sanitation, and to speak up for policy changes that can lead to greater access to toilets for those in need. Through participation in local and digital campaigns, every individual can contribute to amplifying the message of World Toilet Day.

Why Is World Toilet Day Important?

World Toilet Day is significant for a multitude of reasons, each underlining the basic human right to sanitation:

  1. Health: Proper sanitation is essential for health. It reduces the risk of waterborne diseases, such as cholera, diarrhea, typhoid, and hepatitis, which claim millions of lives every year.
  2. Dignity and Safety: Having access to a safe toilet facility ensures privacy and dignity, especially for women and girls who are more vulnerable to assault and violence when they do not have access to safe and private toilets.
  3. Economic Impact: Improved sanitation facilities can contribute to economic development. It reduces healthcare costs due to sanitation-related diseases and improves productivity as people are healthier and spend less time seeking private locations to attend to their needs.
  4. Education: Girls are more likely to attend school when there are proper toilet facilities. This contributes to higher literacy rates and better educational outcomes.
  5. Environment: Proper sanitation helps protect the environment. Well-managed waste reduces pollution in water bodies and prevents the degradation of ecosystems.
  6. Malnutrition: Sanitation is directly linked to malnutrition. Poor sanitation facilities can lead to the spread of intestinal worms and other parasites that absorb nutrients from the body, contributing to malnutrition.
  7. Social Equity: Access to toilets is a matter of equity and justice. The day emphasizes the need to provide sanitation to underserved and marginalized communities, promoting social inclusion.
  8. Global Targets: World Toilet Day is a platform to remind world leaders of their commitment to Sustainable Development Goal 6, which promises sanitation for all by 2030.
  9. Behavioral Change: It is an opportunity to inspire behavioral change and combat cultural taboos surrounding toilets and sanitation.
  10. Innovation and Technology: The day promotes the role of innovative technologies that can offer sustainable sanitation solutions, particularly in areas where traditional infrastructure is not feasible.

Fun Facts About Toilets

Toilets might not typically be associated with fun, but there is a host of interesting tidbits that highlight the ingenuity and diversity of this essential fixture:

  • The first flush toilet was invented over 400 years ago, and since then, toilet technology has evolved significantly.
  • Some countries celebrate toilets with museums dedicated entirely to sanitation and toilets.
  • High-tech toilets in places like Japan offer features like heated seats, water jets, and even music.
  • Astronauts use specially designed toilets in space due to the lack of gravity.


In conclusion, World Toilet Day is more than a call to action—it’s an opportunity to solve one of the most pressing global issues of our time. Through advocacy, innovation, and education, this day empowers communities to strive for a world where every person has access to safe sanitation. By commemorating this day, we acknowledge the profound impact that a basic human need has on the health, security, and prosperity of billions and reaffirm our commitment to achieving a future where no one is left behind in the quest for sanitation for all.


Why is World Toilet Day celebrated?

World Toilet Day is celebrated to highlight the importance of proper sanitation and to raise awareness about the 3.6 billion people living without access to safely managed sanitation. It’s a call to action to address the global sanitation crisis and to support the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6), which promises sanitation for all by 2030.

Is there a toilet day?

Yes, there is a day dedicated to toilets. World Toilet Day, observed on November 19th each year, is an official United Nations international observance day. This day is about inspiring action to tackle the global sanitation crisis.

How can we help World Toilet Day?

To support World Toilet Day, you can educate yourself and others about sanitation issues, advocate for improved infrastructure, participate in or organize events that promote the cause, donate to charities working in this field, and engage in conversations online using dedicated hashtags like #WorldToiletDay to spread the message.

Reviewed by HolidayToday Staff

Alex’s Take on World Toilet Day

Reflecting on World Toilet Day, it strikes me how often those of us in developed countries take for granted the simple, yet vital, facilities that serve our most basic needs. It’s a stark reminder that the humble toilet, a staple of our daily lives, is not a given everywhere. The absence of proper sanitation is a pressing health concern, facilitating the spread of infections and diseases. It’s sobering to think that access to toilets can make a life-changing difference in terms of health, particularly in regions where open defecation is still a forced norm due to lack of facilities.

Furthermore, even in nations that boast high levels of development, the availability of public toilets isn’t always a priority at the governmental level. It’s not uncommon to find oneself in a pinch, searching for a restroom in a large city. The fact that there’s even a smartphone app to locate public toilets speaks volumes about the insufficiency. This day, despite evoking an initial chuckle because of its name, holds substantial importance. It’s a day that underscores a universal need and calls for improvement in every corner of the world—regardless of a country’s development status. Indeed, World Toilet Day is more than a quirky title on the calendar; it’s a serious call to action for global health and dignity.

  1. https://worldtoilet.org/ []
  2. https://www.un.org/en/observances/toilet-day []

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